Hawthorn, also commonly called crataegus oxyacantha, is a thorny tree native to Europe that can reach a maximum height of eight meters and a diameter of one and a half meters to five meters.
There are numerous varieties of this species, also with pink flowers, resulting from the crossing of this species with another, the Monogyna.
The leaves of the hawthorn are presented with an obovate shape of light green color while the flowers appear white gathered in corymbs; the flowering period is May while during the autumn season the hawthorn gives ovoid fruits with bright red color when they reach the maximum ripeness. As for the exposure, the crataegus oxyacantha it can grow in full sun but can tolerate even partial shade well. For this reason it is also suitable for gardens that are not affected by the sun's rays throughout the day.
Hawthorn easily adapts to all types of soil, it is a plant that loves high temperatures but tolerates winter cold well. It does not require abundant watering because it withstands drought such as excessive humidity and if the soil is poor it is given a complete specific granular fertilizer, which can be purchased in the main gardening stores or nurseries.
All species multiply by seeds. They are harvested when the fruits are ripe and are arranged in layers for eighteen months and are sown outdoors in February - March. The varieties of monogyna and Oxiacantha can be grafted on the typical species in spring (a marza) or in the summer (a gem).
regular pruning is not necessary. The hedges are pruned from July to March; if they undress at the bottom they can be cut off at the base and in a short time they will vigorously rebuild.
Pests and diseases
Hawthorn is one of the plants that can develop bacteriosis. This causes the blackening and withering of the flowers, the death of the branches, while the leaves become brownish and wither. Another problem that can present the plant is the appearance of oidium on the leaves. On the other hand, the rust can attack the shoots that have small yellow or orange pustules on the leaves and on the fruits at the beginning of the summer. To solve the problem it is possible to buy pesticide products at specialized centers. It is also important to know the period in which these specific products must be used. The care and related treatments must be carried out in the spring with the use of broad-spectrum products and in winter with aficide.
Hawthorn - Crataegus oxyacantha: Property
Hawthorn is particularly known for its healing properties and is widely used in homeopathy. Over time, numerous studies have been done on the crataegus oxyacantha and further qualities and possible uses in the medical field have been discovered. One of the beneficial effects of hawthorn is its sedative power in subjects who have disorders related to mood and behavior. Today it is also used to improve certain aspects related to the cardio-circulatory system. This is due to its vasodilating action, the ability to regulate the heartbeat and arterial pressure. In conclusion, we can say that the use of Crataegus oxyacantha at homeopathic level It is suitable for calming nerves and strengthening the heart.Thanks to the presence of flavonoids, the plant is also excellent for facilitating sleep.