This genus has about 25-30 species of terricolous or epiphytic orchids originating in Central and South America. They generally have flat pseudobulbs and form tufts of thick oval, thick, waxy, pointed and smooth leaves, with a very marked central grain. In spring they produce a long stem bearing 5-7 large flowers, with a very pronounced lip and rolled up on itself to form a sort of trumpet, often with a wavy edge; the sepals and the petals, in a contrasting color with respect to the labellum, are elongated and thin and stretch backwards. T. tortilis has a white labellum with a golden yellow throat; sepals and petals are dark and rolled up instead. T. suavis has a white labellum with deep pink dots, with a yellow throat; sepals and petals are light pink.
Exposure is one of the most important factors to consider when deciding to grow an orchid or any other variety of plant species. This is because the good or bad development of the plants depends on where the plants are planted.
The Trichopilia orchids prefer bright locations, but they do not tolerate the direct rays of the sun; these in fact could burn the leaves or the petals of the orchid and damage the growth of the plant. The ideal cultivation temperature is around 15-20 ° C, in spring the trichopilia can also be placed outside, in the garden or on the terrace of the house, in any case better if sheltered under another plant or a shrub ; with the arrival of the cold these orchids are taken indoors or in a temperate greenhouse, in a luminous place.
Water regularly, at least twice a week, keeping the substrate constantly humid, but not soaked in water, it is advisable to vaporize the leaves often with distilled water. In winter, reduce watering, while keeping the substratum slightly damp. From March to October, provide specific fertilizer for orchids mixed with the water of the watering every 7-10 days.
Which soil should you choose for our Trichopilia orchids? For these particular varieties of plants, use a mixture of balanced soil, broken bark, sphagnum and osmunda fiber, so as to guarantee optimal drainage. A good quality of the soil is essential for the optimal development of our crops. This is because it is precisely from the soil that plants receive the main nutrients they need to live and develop.
The multiplication of the Trichopilia orchid takes place in spring when it is possible to proceed with the division of the tufts of pseudobulbs, taking care to maintain a vigorous root for each portion practiced; the new plants are placed directly in a single container.
Trichopilia: Parasites and diseases
Generally, they are not attacked by parasites and do not develop particular diseases. A shrewdness is to keep irrigations under control. The excesses of watering and poorly ventilated places can favor the onset of root rot and the attack of the cochineal, a particularly harmful pest for the plant. This, feeding on the sap contained in the leaves of the orchid, deprives it of the main nutrients it needs to survive. Remove the parasites with a cotton pad or use specific products for parasites that can be purchased at the main nurseries and garden centers.