The peach blossom or Cydonia is a small deciduous flowering shrub originating in China and Japan. It consists of dense tufts of slightly thorny branches, with a smooth green-brown bark; the leaves begin to grow during flowering and are brownish in color as soon as they are sprouted, becoming bright green as they grow.
Between the end of winter and the beginning of spring the peach blossom produces a profusion of orange-red flowers, which continue to bloom for a couple of months. In autumn it produces small yellow or red apples, with a bitter taste, used for jams and preserves.
The cydonia develops without problems both in the sun and in the shade, but surely the most luxuriant blooms are obtained by planting the chaenomeles speciosa in full sun, so that the first warm February rays guarantee the plant the warmth necessary for the frost not to ruin the buds. Surely this shrub is very rustic, so it does not fear in any way the winter cold or the summer heat. The only problem could be represented by the late spring frosts that could compromise the flowering, going to hit the buds just sprung compromising their health.
Peach blossom or cydonia is a type of tree with good resistance; in fact they are quite rustic shrubs, which tend to be satisfied with the rains; the period of greatest vegetative development corresponds to the months of February-March-April, during which the climate is generally mild and rainy. In the case of particularly hot or dry springs, it is advisable to intervene with sporadic watering. THE chaenomeles speciosa they can easily withstand summer and winter drought. If you are in possession of a young specimen it is good to supplement the water with waterings a little more abundant, so as to help it for a healthy and luxuriant growth.
THE chaenomeles speciosa they adapt well to almost all soils, provided they are well drained and not too alkaline; remember to place coarse material, such as pumice stone or expanded clay, in the soil used to plant this shrub, so as to favor drainage. This is to avoid water stagnation that could be very harmful to the health of the plant and compromise its subsequent development.
The peach blossoms can be reproduced in autumn by cuttings, which must be kept in pots for at least two years, to prevent the cold from ruining the still young specimens and allowing them to reach the right strength and resistance before being planted in full ground. Propagation can also take place using seeds, after storing them layered in the sand in the refrigerator throughout the winter.
Peach blossom, Cydonia - Chaenomeles speciosa: Pests and diseases
Cydonia is sometimes subject to ferric chlorosis, if it is kept in soils with too high Ph; they can be attacked by aphids or cochineal. To counter their presence it is possible to turn to one of the many specific preparations available on the market. Following the instructions given on it, it will be possible to perform a treatment that allows the plant to be freed from parasites before its health is compromised.